Giovanni Lurani

Giovanni Lurani

19/12/1905 - 0/1/1995

Count Lurani was an amateur racing driver, record breaker, a respected writer and journalist, magazine editor, team manager, race organizer and top official in national and international motorsport governing bodies.

A very interesting all-round character on the international racing scene between 1925 and 1965, the tall and lanky Count Giovanni 'Johnny' Lurani Cernuschi (1905/95) held a degree in engineering from the Milan Polytechnic and was an amateur racing driver, a record breaker in his own built cars, a respected writer and journalist, magazine editor, team manager, race organizer and high official in national and international bodies of the motor sports (including motorcycles and motor boats).

He had started racing in a Salmson in 1926, switching to a Derby with Scap engine for 1927. He then raced three different Alfa-Romeo 1500 sports cars from 1928 to 1932 and was very successful in his class, mainly in hill-climbs. He switched to Maserati in 1933, purchasing the very first 1.5L Maserati 4CS. On a new sport Maserati, he had his best years in 1934/35, and was practically unbeatable in the 1.5L class in hillclimbs.

He then went off to the Ethiopian war, he sold his Maserati - eventually raced by Marazza - and upon his return, he founded Scuderia Ambrosiana, along with Luigi 'Gigi' Villoresi and Franco Cortese, entering Maseratis in Voiturette racing. The patron saint of Milan is Saint Ambrose and anything that is thoroughly Milanese is "Ambrosiana", hence the title for this team. One of the top football teams in Italy at the time was the Ambrosiana International Football Club (today better known as Inter-Milan) and Lurani asked the President of the Football Club, a Signor Pozzani, to be the President of their Scuderia and they adopted the blue and black of the football team in their Scuderia badge.

In national Italian racing at the time there was quite a following for the 1100 cc category, so when the Scuderia were euipping themselves for the 1937 season, Lurani ordered an 1100 cc version of the new 4-cylinder car, with spare cylinder block and pistons, supercharger, connecting rods and so on, to convert it to 1500 cc if required. This was Maserati Tipo 4CM chassis number 1128, supplied in 1100 cc form, and like the 1500 cc versions, had a two inch shorter wheelbase than the 1936 cars. Throughout 1937 Lurani was very successful with this car, winning the 1100 cc category in races at Turin, Milan, Genoa, Naples, Palermo and in the Frieburg hill-climb in Germany. Not surprisingly these successes netted him the 1100 cc Italian Championship. At the end of the season the engine was converted to 1500 cc and Lurani visited Great Britain, to run in the Imperial Trophy race at the Crystal Palace. He was third in the first Heat, behind Percy Maclure and Arthur Dobson, and fifth in the Final behind Bira, Dobson, Goodacre and Villoresi.

In the winter of 1937/38 the Scuderia Ambrosiana took four Maseratis to South Africa, for the winter season, Lurani taking his 1100 and Taruffi, Villoresi and Eugenio Senna taking six-cylinder 1500 cc cars. Their first race was on the Lord Howe circuit near Johannesburg and was a handicap event, based on engine capacity. Lurani felt that the organisers were being much too lenient with his 1100 cc and asked to be re-handicapped, mainly to give his three compatriots with the 1500 cc cars a better chance. The result was that he finished third, behind two local drivers! They then went to East London and in this race Lurani was dicing with the South African ERA driver Norman Wilson, when the little Maserati threw a connecting rod out through the crankcase. Their last race was in Cape Town so the crankcase was patched up and the 1500 cc cylinder block and pistons were fitted. Most of the efforts were put into the other team cars, Lurani's 1500 not being taken too seriously, so he had to start the race on what tyres were left over, and pulling the wrong axle ratio and so on. He drove round disconsolately in 6th place until he was due to stop and refuel, and then feeling a bit fed up with it all he handed the car over to Luigi Villoresi, whose six-cylinder had blown up. Villoresi stormed back into the race and drove really hard, working his way up to third place by the finish, being beaten by Lord Howe (ERA) and Taruffi (Maserati). Among the British entries was W G 'Bill' Everitt who drove a Maserati and during the voyage back to Europe on the P & O liner "Winchester Castle" Lurani and Everitt travelled together, already being good friends from previous races.

Back in Italy the Maserati No 1128 was rebuilt in readiness for the European season and Lurani had the rear end modified. A firm in Turin was making suspension units compromising a coil spring within a tube, with the springs being actuated by a trailing arm, these units being primarily intended for the front end of racing cars, to give a "bolt on " independent front suspension. Lurani had these units fitted to trhe rear of the Maserati, to replace the semi-elliptic springs, still retaining, the one-piece rigid rear axle. It was felt that the Tecnauto coil-spring units would give a better ride to the rear end and stop it hopping about, which proved to be correct. The first big race for Scuderia Ambrosiana was the Tripoli Grand Prix, over 517 kilometres on the very fast Mellaha circuit in North Africa. There was a 1500 cc category within the Grand Prix itself and for this event Maserati 1128 was in 1500 cc form. Lurani was leading the "small car " category when all the oil pressure disappeared and thinking the oil pump had packed up he pulled into the pits. After six minutes the trouble was traced to a faulty guage and he rejoined the race, to finish third in the 1500 cc group and eighth overall.

Still running in 1500 cc form Lurani then went to the Targa Florio, whuich was being run as a circuit race in Palermo. After making second fastest practice time he had a collision with Bianco in the race and ended up off the course. Lurani had actually been leading to begin with, but his fuel-pressure played up and the car slowed, allowing Bianco to go by. Then the Maserati picked up again and while overtaking Bianco, Lurani was "elbowed off".

Converting the engine back to 1100 cc, for handicap purposes, Lurani entered for the London Grand Prix at the Crystal Palace in June but disaster struck. During practice he got into a big slide on a streak of oil spilled out by Norman Wilson's ERA, went off the road and overturned. While the car was only superficially damaged, poor Lurani broke his hip very badly and though he was repaired in a London hospital and was out and about before the end of the season, the injury put paid to any more single-seater racing for him. He had to restrict himself to the more"comfortable" sports cars and saloon cars in the future, While he was being cared for in the clinic, the Maserati was put back on its wheels and straightened out and Lurani's friend Bill Everitt drove it in the London Grand Prix, but was forced to retire with engine trouble. While convalescing Lurani lent the Maserati to Achile Varzi for a small race in Lucca, but no success came their way.

With his single-seater career over, Lurani put the little Maserati up for sale, taking an illustrated advertisement in The Motor.

Eventually Desmond Scannell, the secretary of the BRDC, traced Lurani in Nice, and a deal was done over the phone on behalf of Charlie Dobson, who wanted the car in 1100 cc form for the 1939 British Empire Trophy race. It was agreed that Lurani's mechanic would take the car to Donongton Park, in time for practice, and the money would be handed over in the paddock. Lurani's mechanic was Carlo Facetti, the father of the Facetti who raced Alfa Romeos in the 1970s, and after he had fitted the 1100 cc block and pistons etc., he loaded it on to their special Fiat transporter and set off for England, all on his own and unable to speak a word of English. While crossing the Alps he was caught in a heavy snowstorm, and unbeknown to him some water had remained trapped in the cylinder block, even though he had drained it before setting off, and it froze. Eventually he arrived at Donongton Park and unloaded the car, but when he filled it with water he discovered the frost crack in the block. Not naturally Dobson was not prepared to accept the car on behalf of his sponsor, one José Dibos. Poor Facetti was distraught, and dreaded the thought of taking the car back to Lurani unsold, with all the costs of the journey to be paid. With the help of other people in the paddock he got the cylinder block into Rolls Royce, in nearby Derby, and it was repaired. Working non-stop through the night Facetti got the car re-assembled and running and next day Dobson tried it and was delighted and the deal went through, much to Carlo's relief.

Lurani was a Mille Miglia specialist winning his class in 1933 in a works K3 MG Magnette with Capt. George Eyston, 1948 (Healey Sedan) and 1952 (Porsche). Class winner at Le Mans in 1951.

After the war, he was instrumental in the rebirth of racing in Italy and internationally, acting as a sort of Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Italian government body of the sport and becoming a member of FIA. He proposed the GT logo and regulations and organised the first GT race in 1949. He also was the main "promotor" for Formula Junior, persuadeing FIA to make it a internationalclass in 1959.

In 1947/48, he managed Scuderia Ambrosiana in Formula A with Ascari and Villoresi as drivers, also helped British drivers to get around restrictions on imports, racing their cars under the Scuderia banner.

He designed his own record-breaking cars, the Nibbio I to V powered by motorcycle Guzzi engines, that broke many short distance records for the 350 and 500 cc classes between 1935 and 1960.

He became publisher of the illustrious Auto Italiana magazine contributing all his life with articles. He was also active in historical racing. His book of memoirs is still today a major source for the history of racing in the years 1926/1935. He wrote also a good history of the racing car and a book on the Mille Miglia. Universally liked and exuberant Lurani, who could speak four languages fluently, always looked at matters concerning the sport in his own country with a cosmopolitan eye. Unlike most Italian journalists, he was not a regular at 'food and wine' gatherings in Maranello.

Alessandro Silva and Motor Sport June 1977.

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